高中英语

人教版英语必修二Unit 4单词及语言点总结

时间:2016-11-22 14:31:56  作者:  来源:网络转载  查看:182  评论:0

  Unit 4 Wildlife Protection

  Word usage:

  1. protection n.

  1) [U] the act of protecting or state of being protected

  2) [C] a person or thing that protects

  Eg: You’d better turn to an adult for protection if there is a bully in your class who makes your life difficult.

  This hat will give protection against the sun.

  Shoes are a protection for the feet.

  2. enemy n.

  1) [C] a person who hates or dislikes another person; one of two or more people who hate or dislike each other.

  2) [C] someone or something that hurts, wants to harm or is against (someone or something)

  Eg: He made many enemies during his political life.

  John and Paul are enemies (of each other).

  Cancer is an enemy of/ to mankind.

  3. loss n.

  1) [U] the act of fact of losing possession

  2) the pain, harm, damage caused by losing sth.

  3) [C] a failure to win or obtain

  Eg: Did you report the loss of your jewellery to the police?

  He’ll try his best to make up the loss.

  What make him unhappy was the loss of yesterday’s football match.

  4. reserve n.

  1) [C] a piece of land reserved for a purposse

  2) [C] a quantity of sth. kept for future use.

  3) v. to keep for a special purpose.

  4) v. book

  Eg: We drove the car slowly and watched the lions in the nature reserve.

  I must keep a good reserve of energy for tomorrow’s match.

  You’d better reserve the money for future need.

  We must reserve two seats on the plane.

  5. area n.

  1) [C] a particular space or surface; a part or division of the world.

  2) [C] the size of a surface

  Eg: You haven’t cleaned the area under the table.

  There aren’t many wild birds in this area.

  What’s the area of China? It covers an area of more than 9 600 000 square km.

  6. hunt v. & n.

  1)v. to chase in order to catch and kill (animals and birds) either for food or for sport.

  2) v. to search (for)

  3) n. an act of hunting

  Eg: He likes hunting very much.

  Knowing a foreign language sometimes is a must in job hunting.

  He is on the hunt for a better job.

  7. peace n.

  1) [U] calmness, quietness

  2) [U] a condition in which there is no war between two or more nations.

  Eg: Please let me go on with my work in peace.

  There was a short peace, but then another war broke out.

  The two nations used to be at war with each other, but now they are at peace.

  8. stomach n.

  1) a baglike organ in the body where food is digested, the part of the body below the chest.

  2) a desire to eat

  Eg: I’ve a pain in my stomach.

  Some animals, for example, have two stomachs.

  I have no stomach for this.

  9. apply v.

  1) to request something, esp. in writing

  2) to bring or put into use.

  Eg: I will apply for the job today.

  Scientific discoveries are often applied to industrial production methods.

  10. suggest v. : to say or write an idea to be considered.

  Eg: The monitor suggested a visit to the Western Hill this weekend.

  My sister suggested Mary should accept the invitation.

  Has the doctor suggested you/ your paying close attention to your own health?

  11. contain vt. 1) to hold, have within itself; 2) hold

  Eg: Sea water contains salt and 11 other minerals.

  This book contains all the information you need.

  The hall can contain 500 people.

  12. affect v.

  1) to cause some effect and change in, influence.

  2) to cause feelings of sorrow, anger, love etc. in

  Eg: The climate affected the amount of the rainfall.

  The audience was deeply affected.

  She was deeply affected by the news of his death.

  13. recently adv. Lately, in recent time; not long ago.

  Eg: I haven’t seen her recently.

  The accident happened quite recently.

  The way of life has changed a great deal in recent years.

  Useful phrases:

  1. as a result (of): because of sth. that has happened

  eg; In San Francisco, four hundred people were killed as result of the earthquake.

  2. die out : disappear completely

  Eg: This kind of bird is dying out.

  Many traditional customs have die out because they are out of date.

  The fire is dying out. You’d better add some firewood.

  3. in danger: at risk

  Eg: The little boy was once in danger of losing his sight. Which doctor helped him out of danger?

  4. protect…from : protect …against

  Eg: He is wearing sunglasses to protect his eyes from the strong sunlight.

  A new material was painted to protect the roof from rain.

  5. pay attention to 注意

  Eg: A great deal of attention has been paid to protecting the environment.

  You speak English well, but you’d better pay more attention to your written English.


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