大学语文刺客列传大概内容评价荆轲的行为刺秦王的意义 - 荆轲刺秦大学语文翻译公司

时间:2019-02-17分类:语文

大学语文刺客列传大概内容评价荆轲的行为刺秦王的意义

《刺客列传》全文五千多字,共写了曹沫、专诸、豫让、聂政、荆轲、高渐离六个人,而其中单是荆轲一个人就用了三千多字,可见荆轲是司马迁这篇作品要表现的核心人物。节选部分主要记叙了“荆轲刺秦王”的故事,叙述了这一事件的前因后果,从准备、实施、到最后失败,事件过程完整。情节围绕一个“刺”字展开,波澜起伏,惊心动魄,人物的性格也随着故事情节的发展得到了生动的表现。

荆轲有一种扶弱拯危、不畏强暴、为达到行刺或行劫的目的而置生死于度外的刚烈精神。

意义是刺杀秦王,不让他再去侵略燕国。

希望采纳!谢谢!

史记刺客列传中荆轲刺秦王的译文

秦国的将领打败了赵国,俘虏了赵王,占领了所有赵国的土地,派兵向北侵占土地,一直到燕国南边的边界。

太子丹非常的恐惧,于是就去向荆轲询问办法,说:“秦兵早晚要渡过易水,如果这样那么我虽然想长久地侍俸您,恐怕是不行了?”荆轲说:“即使是你不说,我也要采取行动了。如今空手而去,恐怕也没有什么信用,那么秦王也就无法接近了。现在樊将军,秦王用千斤的黄金外加一万户人口的封邑来悬赏他的头。如果能够得到樊将军的头和燕国督亢的地图献给秦王,秦王一定会很高兴地接见我,那么我才有办法来报答太子。”太子说:“樊将军因为无路可走投奔我,我实在不愿意因为我太子的缘故,而伤害了尊长,希望您能够重新考虑一下!”

荆轲知道太子不忍心,于是私下里悄悄地去见樊於期,对他说:“秦对你樊於期,可以说是十分地刻毒。父母宗族,都被杀害。如今听说用万户邑、千斤金来悬赏将军的头,你打算怎么办?”樊将军仰天长叹,流着泪说:“我常常想起来,就痛入骨髓,只是不知道该怎么办?”荆轲说:“如今有一句话,一可以解除燕国的后患,二可以替你樊将军报仇雪恨呀!怎么样?”樊於期走上前说:“到底怎么做?”荆轲说:“希望借你樊将军的头献给秦王,秦王必然非常高兴,乐意见我。我左手抓住他的衣袖,右手用匕首刺他的胸,这样那么就可以一报将军之仇,二雪燕国被欺侮的耻辱。将军你可愿意?”樊将军脱下一只衣袖,握住手腕走上前说:“这是让我日夜的痛心的事,到现在才能够听说!”于是自杀。

太子听说以后,连忙驱车赶到,伏在尸体上大哭,哭得非常伤心。但已经是无可奈何的事了,于是收拾好樊於期的头,用盒子装好。

于是太子事先寻求天下最锋利的匕首,用百两黄金从赵人徐夫人那儿买到,派人将匕首用毒药浸泡。于是打点行装送荆轲出发。

燕国有勇士叫秦武阳的,十二岁的时候就杀人,人们不敢和他正视。于是命令秦武阳作为他的助手和他一道去。

荆轲在等一个人,想和他一道去,可那个人住得很远没有来,就一直在等他。

过了一些时候,还没有出发,太子嫌荆轲动身太晚,怀疑他可能反悔,于是又去请他动身,说:“时间跨度不早了,您难道不想去吗?就让我先打发秦武阳动身!”荆轲非常生气,怒斥太子道:“如果现在去了却不能够回来向太子复命,那是小人!如今拿着一把匕首到生死难测的秦国,我之所以留下来,是想等我的朋友一道。如今太子嫌我动身太晚,那就让我现在和你们告别。

太子和那些的知情的宾客,都穿着白衣白帽来给他送别。

到了易水上,祭过路神,就要上路了。高渐离击筑,荆轲和着音乐发出悲凉的声音,大家都流着泪哭泣。荆轲又走上前唱到:“风萧萧兮易水寒,壮士一去兮不复还!”又发出激愤的声音,大家都圆睁着眼睛,头发向上顶起了帽子。于是荆轲就上车而去,始终没有回头。

到了秦国之后,带着价值千金的礼物,优厚地送了很多的礼物给秦王的宠臣中庶子蒙嘉。

蒙嘉事先为他对秦王说:“燕王确实非常害怕大王您的威风,不敢派兵来抵抗大王您,,愿意拿全国的百姓来做您的臣子,排在诸侯的行列,像秦国的郡县那样向秦国进贡,只求能够守住祖先的宗庙。他们非常害怕,不敢自己来陈述,现在谨斩杀荆轲的头并献上燕国督亢一带的地图,用盒子装好,燕王很慎重的在朝廷将它送出,派人来把这些告诉大王。一切听大王您吩咐。”

秦王听了之后,非常高兴。于是穿上朝服,设九宾之礼,在咸阳宫接见燕国的使者。

荆轲捧着装着樊於期的头的盒子,秦武阳捧着装有地图的匣子,依次进来。到了台阶下,秦武阳害怕得变了脸色,群臣对此感到奇怪,荆轲回头对他笑了笑,走上前对秦王致歉说:“北方边远地区的人,没有见过天子,所以有些害怕,望大王能够稍稍原谅他,让他能够在大王面前完成使命。”秦王对荆轲说:“起来吧,把秦武阳的地图给我拿来。”

荆轲拿来地图之后捧着,打开地图,地图全部展开后露出了匕首。荆轲乘机抓住了秦王的袖子,右手拿着匕首去刺秦王。没有刺到,秦王非常吃惊,耸身站了起来,挣断衣袖。拔剑,但剑太长,于是拿起剑鞘。当时非常危急,剑插得太紧,没办法抽出来。

荆轲在后面紧追秦王,秦王绕着柱子跑。群臣非常吃惊,事情突然发生,根本没想到,大家都失去了常态。而按照秦国的法律,在殿上侍俸的群臣,不能带一点点兵器;那些带了兵器的侍卫,都在殿下侍候,没有命令不得上殿。正在慌急之中,而且也来不急召来侍卫,因此荆轲不断地追逐着秦王,而大家在惶急之中,也没有什么东西来对付荆轲,仅仅只是用手来和荆轲搏斗。

这时,秦王的御医夏无且用他手里的药袋扔向荆轲。秦王正绕着柱子跑,惊惶之中,不知所措。左右大臣都提醒说:“大王快把剑背在背上!大王快把剑背在背上!”于是秦王拔剑刺向荆轲,砍断了荆轲的左大腿。荆轲伤残倒地了,就举起匕首投向秦王,没投中,击中了柱子。秦王又砍杀荆轲,荆轲身中八处剑伤。

荆轲自知事情不能成功,靠在柱子上大笑,两腿张开,两膝微曲地坐着,痛骂道:“事情之所以没有成功,是想活捉你呀,然后要你同我们订下誓约来回报太子呀!”

秦王的左右大臣上前,斩了荆轲。秦王吓得很长时间头晕目眩。

荆轲刺秦王的英语话剧剧本

旁白(Aside )/介绍(Introduction): Long ago there was a crazy country, in this crazy country there were some crazy people, trying to show the crazy history by crazy ways. Mr Jingke was the most famous swordsman and was sent to kill king of Qing, “Yingzheng”. But finally he failed. Do you want to know what happened at that time? Okay, next show will tell you the truth.

Action I

太子丹(上,掏出镜子梳头,做自恋状):Mirror, mirror, tell me, who is the most pretty man in the world? (画外音:It’s you, Prince Dan! 太子丹高兴状) Thank u mirror! (面对观众) I’m Prince Dan, the magic mirror said I am the most attractive man in the world. But Ying Zheng is a jealous guy, I feel he will kill me if mirror told him the truth. I am so scared. So what can I do? (向幕里大叫) Where is my minister? 织梦内容管理系统

阿三(毕恭毕敬) : Honey, I aming.

太子丹:I’ve told you again and again that you should call me “my most beautiful、graceful 、handsome、charming、cute、smart and dearest Prince Dan”!

阿三:Sure, honey! I have a good idea. We can find a hero to kill YingZheng~~~(作杀状)

太子:Oh yeah~~~. What is the most expensivemodity in this century? Talent!(二十一世纪最需要的是什么,人才!这句话要跟观众交流,最好由观众来回答,然后拍阿三肩膀,做赞许状) Good idea! But who is the right candidate?

阿三:After screening I have two promising persons on hand. One is Miss LiMoChou, the other is Mr JinKe. Tomorrow they will PK for the NO1 killer of the world.

太子:Well, show me the winner as soon as possible, OK?

阿三:Yes.

Action II

(《十面埋伏》中刘德华&金成武决斗时的音乐)

荆轲

Are you Li mochou?

李莫愁

Yes.

荆轲 dedecms.com

OK. I’m Jingke, you know, I will let you know I am the king of the killers’ world.

李莫愁

Are you challenging me?

荆轲

Off course! 耸耸肩表示同意

李莫愁

Come on!

音乐起

两人冲上前来

“人在江湖漂啊,哪有不挨刀啊,一刀砍死你啊,两刀砍死你啊。。。。”

李莫愁倒地

荆轲大笑

李莫愁痛苦状:What happened? Why aren’t you hurt?

荆轲: We don't need any reason to win a person. Don't we? Do we? (赢一个人需要理由么,不需要么,需要么?)

李莫愁:Momma always said: "Life is like a box of chocolates, Mochou. You never know what you're gonna get." I got it, Momma is right.

荆轲再次大笑

太子丹上(抱拳):How are you?

荆柯:Fine, thank you, and you?

太子丹:Oh my God! Could you give me an innovative answer to “How are you”? 本文来自织梦

荆柯:Sure!

太子丹:How are you?

荆柯:Fine, thank you, and your wife?

太子丹晕倒

荆柯:Hey, man, I’m kidding!

太子丹:Oh, I’m kidding too!(毕恭毕敬)May I have your name card, please?

荆轲从兜里掏出一卷纸,上面写着:

To be or not to be, that's a question.

阿三:Hero,we need your help.

荆柯:I am busy now!

太子丹:You can get a lot of money.

荆柯:I am very busy now!

阿三:IC, ID, IQ card?

荆柯:I am very very busy now!

阿三(手指上场的美女,激动状): Look! She is the most beautiful girl in the world. If you say O.K., she is yours.

荆柯(流口水):I have to say she is a very sexy and beautiful girl, but TCM is my only love!

阿三:What? What’s the TCM?

荆柯; Hey, guy! You look so smart but why you didn’t know TCM? Any of them can give you the answer. 织梦内容管理系统

阿三:Excuse me? What’s the TCM?

观众甲:TCM - Traditional Chinese MM .

太子丹:I must show you the trump card. Ladies and gentlemen, this is Lipton Slimming tea. It is a brand new product of Unilever China.

荆柯(激动):Slimming tea! I have dreamed of it for thousands of times. My wife always threatens to leave me if I couldn’t reduce my weight.

阿三:You want? Speak up if you want! Why do you keep silent? Why are you looking at me? Although your eyes are full of sincerity, I’m very glad, you still have to speak up. Take it! Do you really like? Really?你不是真的想要吧?难道你真的想要吗……

(《No matter》音乐起,荆轲先与阿三跳探戈,拥入怀中,又甩出去,阿三做呕吐状。然后荆轲与太子丹跳伦巴,最后太子丹摆一个女性化的造型,向后弯腰并抬其中一条腿,荆轲做调戏状。)

荆柯(诚恳状) Just tell me what should I do? I will do anything for you.

太子丹与阿三(撞胯,击掌)Yeah!

Action Ш 织梦好,好织梦

(《大话西游》主题曲响起)

荆珂挽着妻子,太子丹,阿三在后.

阿三:Hero, we have already reached Yishui River.

荆珂:Just stop here, please. Farewell, my friends

太子丹:I will miss you, baby.

(太子丹,阿三下。停顿。《泰坦尼克号》主题曲起,荆轲与妻子做Jack和rose在船头的经典造型,忽然荆轲看到一个美女——此时一个中国古典美女经过,向荆轲抛媚眼,并抛下定情手绢。荆轲高兴的盯着美女看,妻子发觉不对,扭过头来。)

荆珂(急忙收敛):Darling, I love you.

妻子:I love you! You mean more to me than anything in this whole world!(《肖申克的救赎》)

荆珂(流泪) :I love you more. In spite of you and me and the whole silly world going to pieces around us, I love you. (哪怕是世界末日我都会爱着你,选自《飘》)

妻子:Well. Be a man, just do it! I will be right here waiting for you.

荆珂(欲走还留,执子之手又曰):Sweetheart! You must do me this honor... promise me you will survive... that you will never give up... no matter what happens... no matter how hopeless... promise me now, and never let go of that promise(泰坦尼克号沉船时,Jack对Rose的倾诉). 织梦好,好织梦

妻子:"I promise."

荆轲:"Never let go. “

妻子:"I promise. I will never let go, Jack. I'll never let go."

(荆轲的发音和jack很像,所以加了一些《泰坦尼克号》的台词。)

妻子努力挤出几滴眼泪,

荆珂上船,渐渐远去

妻子:It’s a good day to die. Nevere back. Never…… Never……

妻子(掏出手机拨号,阿三接手机): Thank you very much. As soon as I get the life assurance $1000, 000, I will transfer half of it, $500,000 to your ount.

阿三:Okay okay!

旁白:Then Jingke was sent to Qin and finally killed by Yingzheng.

The End