初一英语句型 - 七年级英语句式

时间:2019-02-11分类:英语

初一英语句型

1.(1)be后的动词常用ing形式;(2)介词后面常用ing形式,如:be worried about doing sth.,be excited about doing sth.,be good/bad at doing sth.,be interested in doing sth.等;另外,有些动词后面的动词一定要用ing形式,如:enjoy,finish,practise,miss等。

2.一部分动词后面要搭配to do结构,如:ask sb.to do sth.,tell sb.to do sth.等;另外,to do还能表目的,如:She gives me a book to read.

3.(1)助动词后常用原形(现在完成时和过去完成时除外),如:He didn't call me./We won't go there by car.(2)祈使句中用动词原形,如:Open the door, please./Don't feed the animals.

助动词be, have, do, shall, will, should, would

[转]初一英语下重点句型汇总

一、 How do you like ... ? 〔句型介绍〕 用来询问对某人 / 物喜欢到什么程度,意为\"你觉得......怎么样\",常以I like ... a lot / a great deal / very much. 回答。 -How do you like your hometown? 你觉得你家乡怎么样? -I like it very much. 我很喜欢。 〔句式比较〕 What do you think of ... ?= How do you think about ... ?= How do you find / enjoy ... ?不知道对方是否喜欢某人 / 物而加以询问,回答时应对此人 / 物作出评价。 -What do you think of / How do you think about the book? 你认为这本书怎么样? -Very interesting. 很有趣。 -How do you find / enjoy this show ? 你认为这个节目怎么样? -Dull. 枯燥。 ( find 找到,寻得;发现;碰上) 〔特别提醒〕 注意这些句式的不同含义。 二、 What do you have for ... ? 〔句型介绍〕 用来询问某人一日三餐吃什么, for后面应接一日三餐名词。 -What do you have for lunch? 你中午吃什么? -I usually have rice. 我通常吃米饭。 〔句式比较〕 What do you eat for ... ?与What do you have for ... ?用法相同。 -What do you eat for your supper? 晚饭你吃什么? -Noodles. 面条。 〔特别提醒〕 因句中have为实义动词,所以该句型不能改为What have you for ...? 三、What do you do ... ? 〔句型介绍〕 该句询问对方职业,意为\"你是干什么的?\",人称可随语境而变化,第一个do为助动词,单复数随主语的变化而变化,第二个do为实义动词。 -What do you do? 你是干什么的? -I'm a worker. 我是一个工人。 〔句式比较〕 What are you? 你是干什么的?what表职业, be动词单复数随主语的变化而变化。 What is he? 他是干什么的? -He is a student. 他是一个学生。 〔特别提醒〕 注意what的不同含义。 四、 How do you go to ... ? 〔句型介绍〕 该句为询问对方交通方式的用语,常用by, in, on接交通工具的名词作回答。 -How do you go to school? 你怎么去上学? -By bus. 乘公共汽车。 〔句式比较〕 How do you come to ... ?的用法与How do you go to ...?句型相似。 -How do you come to our school? 你怎么来到我们学校的? -In a taxi. 打的来的。 〔特别提醒〕 回答这两个句型时, by后面应接交通工具名词原形,而in, on后面根据需要可用不定冠词或数词修饰交通工具名词。 五、 What's your favourite ... ? 〔句型介绍〕 该句用来询问对方最喜欢什么,相当于What ... do you like best? -What\'s your favourite subject? 你最喜欢什么学科? -English. 英语。 -What colour do you like best? 你最喜欢什么颜色? (best 最好的) (good和well的最高级) -Red. 红色。 〔句式比较〕 Which ... do you like best? 你最喜欢哪一个......? -Which book do you like best? 你最喜欢哪一本书? -This one. 这一本。 〔特别提醒〕关注这些句型含义和结构的微小区别。 六、 What's wrong with ... ? 〔句型介绍〕 该句询问某人或某物有何毛病,意为\"......怎么啦?\" wrong为形容词,前面不加定冠词。 What's wrong with you? You don\'t look well. 你怎么啦?脸色看起来不好。 〔句式比较〕 What's the matter / trouble with ... ?含义和用法与What's wrong with ... ?相同, matter和trouble为名词,前面应加定冠词。 -What's the trouble / matter with your bike? 你的自行车怎么啦? -It can't run fast. 它走不快。 〔特别提醒〕 注意这些句型中连系动词后面有无冠词。

初一英语句式结构全部的

英语基本句式小结 英语中的句式有很多种,从英语的句子结构上说,总体可以归纳为五个基本句式。一般地说,某些动词用在某一特定句式中。那么,哪些动词常用于哪些句式,我们把这些句型和常用的动词进行归类,每一大类都分出详细的条目,同学们可以在理解记忆各大类的基础上记忆相关动词,并继续归纳总结。 1.S(主)+ Vi(不及物动词)(谓) 1)S + V + adverbial(状语) Birds sing beautifully. 2)S + Vi+ prep Phrase(介词短语) He went on holiday. 3)S + Vi+ Infinitive (不定式) We stopped to have a rest. 4)S + Vi+ Participle (分词) I’ll go swimming 2. S (主)+ Vt (及物动词)(谓)+ O(宾) 1) S + VT + N/Pron I like music. 2) S + VT + infinitive(不定式) I want to help him. 常用于这句型的动词有:attempt,dare,decide,desire,expect,hope,learn,need,offer,refuse,want,wish等。 3) S + VT + Wh-Word + Infinitive I don’t know what to do. 常用于这句型的动词有:ask,consider,decide,discover,explain,find

out,forget,guess,know,learn,observe,remember,see,settle,tell,think,understand,wonder等。 4) S + VT + Gerund I enjoy living here. 常用于这句型的动词有:admit,advise,avoid,consider,defend,enjoy,excuse,finish,mind,miss,practise,risk,suggest,give

up,can't help等。 5) S + VT + That-clause I don’t think (that) he is right. 常用于这句型的动词有:Admit,believe,declare,demand,deny,doubt,expect,explain,feel(觉得),hear(听说),hope,imagine,intend,know,mean,mind(当心),notice,request,report,say,see(看出),show,suggest,suppose,think,understand,wish,wonder(觉得奇怪)。 3. S (主)+ V(谓)(lv)( 系动词)+ P(表) 1)S + Lv + N/Pron(名词/代词) He is a boy. 2)S + Lv + Adj(形容词) She is beautiful. 3)S + Lv + Adv (副词) Class is over. 4)S + Lv + Prep Phrase He is in good health. 5)S + Lv + Participle(分词) The film is interesting. 除了be 系动词外,还有一些动词也可以用作系动词:

表感官的动词,feel,smell,taste,sound,look,appear,seem

等。表转变变化的动词,become,get,grow,turn,go,等。表延续的动词

remain,keep,seem,hold,stay,rest等。表瞬时的动词

come,fall,set,cut,occur等。其他动词

eat,lie,prove,ring,run,shine,sit,stand,continue,hang等。

英语的基本句型主要有五种,它们是:

1、主语———动词———表语

2、主语———动词

3、主语———动词———宾语

4、主语———动词———宾语———宾语

5、主语———动词———宾语———补语

掌握好这些基本句型,就可以为灵活运用语言打下良好的基础。下面分别讲解这五种句型。

一、主语---动词----表语

在这一句型中,动词是系动词,划线部分为表语。

1.Mr.Brown is an engineer.(名词做表语)

2.Gradualy he became silent.(形容词做表语)

3.She remained standing for a hour.(现在分词做表语)

4.The question remained unsolved.(过去分词做表语)

5.The machine is out of order.(介词短语做表语)

6.The television was on.(副词做表语)

7.His plan is to keep the affair secret.(动词不定式做表语)

8.My job is repairing cars.(动名词做表语)

9.The question is what you want to do.(从句做表语,即:表语从句)

注意:在下面的句子中,形容词做表语,在表语的后面常常接不定式结构。

I'm happy to meet you.

They are willing to help.

We are determined to follow his example.

二、主语———动词

在这一句型中,动词为不及物动词及不及物的动词词组。在有的句子中,不及物动词可以有状语修饰。

1.The sun is rising.

2.I'll try.

3.Did you sleep well?(well做状语,修饰不及物动词sleep)

4.The engine broke down.

注意:在此句型中,有少数不及物动词表达被动含义,表达主语本身所具有的特性,不用被动语态。

1.The book sells wel.

2.The window won't shut.

3.The pen writes smoothly.

4.Cheese cuts easily.

三、主语———动词———宾语

在此句型中,动词为及物动词,划线部分为宾语。

1.Do you know these people(them)?(名词或代词做宾语)

2.I can't express myself in English.(反身代词做宾语)

3.He smiled a strange smile.(同源宾语)

4.We can't afford to pay such a price.(不定式做宾语)

5.Would you mind waiting a few minutes?(动名词做宾语)

6.I hope that I have said nothing to pain you.(从句做宾语,即:宾语从句)

注意:并不是所有的及物动词都可以接上述各种情况做宾语,不同的动词有不同的用法,所以,在学习动词时,一定要掌握其用法。

四、主语———动词———宾语———宾语

在此句型中,动词可以称作双宾语动词,在英语中,这样的动词并不多,在学习遇时,要牢记。后面的宾语为间接宾语和直接宾语,其中间接宾语在前,一般表人,直接宾语在后,一般表物。这类句型有三种情况。

第一种情况,间接宾语可以改为to引导的短语。

1.He handed me a letter.

He handed a letter to me.

2.She gave me her telephone number.

She gave her telephone number to me.

第二种情况,间接宾语可以改为for引导的短语。

3.She sang us a folk song.

She sang a folk for us.

4.She cooked us a delicious meal.

She cooked a delicious meal for us.

第三种情况,直接宾语可以由宾语从句充当。

5.Tell him I'm out.

6.Can you inform me where Miss Green lives?

五、主语———动词———宾语———宾语补足语

在此句型中的动词,叫做可以跟复合宾语的动词,在英语中,这样的动词也不多。后面的宾语补足语是说明宾语的情况的,宾语和宾语补足语一起被称做复合宾语。这个句式是英语中比较复杂的一个句式,因为复合宾语的构成内容较多。下面句子中划线部分为宾语补足语。

1.He found his new job boring.(形容词做宾补)

2.The called their daughter Mary.(名词做宾补)

3.This placed her in a very difficult position.(介词短语做宾补)

4.We went to here house but found her out.(副词做宾补)

5.What do you advise me to do?(不定式做宾补)

6.We thought him to be an honest man.(tobe做宾补)

7.He believed them to have discussed the problem.(不定式的完成式做宾补)

8.He believed her to be telling the truth.(不定式的进行式做宾补)

9.Did you notice him come in?(不带to的不定式做宾补)

10.I saw her chatting with Nancy.(现在分词做宾补)

11.He watched the piano carried upstairs.(过去分词做宾补)

注意:在这个结构中,可以出现用it做形式上的宾语,把真正的宾语放在宾语补足语的后面。在此结构中,宾语常常是动词不定式或宾语从句。

1.He felt it his duty to mention this to her.

分析:it是形式宾语,hisduty是宾语补足语,to mention this to her是真正的宾语。

2.I think it best that you should stay with us.

分析:it是形式宾语,best是宾语补足语,that you should stay with us是真正的宾语。

注意:

1.习惯用语的使用

在英语中,有很多动词习惯用语,在学习的过程中,要注意它们的使用,不必分析单独每个词的使用。

例:

We are short of money.(be short of中short做表语)

She is always making trouble for her friends.(trouble做make的宾语)

He has carried out our instructions to the letter.(our instructions做词组carry out的宾语)

We are waiting for the rain to stop.(wait for后面的the rain是宾语,to stop是宾语补足语)

2.在英语中,大多数动词既可以做及物动词又可以做不及物动词,而且还会有一些固定词组,因此一个动词可以用于几种句型。

例:ask

①Did you ask the price?(直接接名词做宾语)

②She asked them their names.(接双宾语)

③I asked James to buy some bread.(接宾语加不定式做宾语补足语)

④I asked to speak to Fred.(接不定式做宾语)

⑤Didn't you ask him in?(在此句中和副词in连用)

⑥He has asked for an interview with the President.(组成固定词组ask for)

3.There be句型是一种特殊的句子,真正的主语在后面,含义为“有…”

①谓语动词和主语保持一致:There is a television in the sitting room.

②有两个或更多的主语时,动词一般和最近的一个保持一致:There are two girls and a boy dancing in the hall.

③主语的后面有时有修饰语:There are a lot of difficulties facing us.There were many things to be done(此处也可以使用to do).

④谓语动词be可以有时态的变化:There will be a concert in the park tonight.There was little change in him.

⑤谓语也可以有不定式构成的复合谓语。

There used to be a cinema here.

There seems to be something the matter with her.

Is there going to be any activity tonight?

⑥there be句式变疑问句,把be提前;变翻译疑问句也要借助there。

Is there any hope of getting the job?

There is nothing wrong with your watch,is there?

⑦there be句型中也可以使用诸如:live,follow,come,stand,sit,exist等不及物动词:

Once upon a time,there lived a fisherman on the island.

There came a knock at the door.

At the top of the hill there stands an old temple.

⑧用于非谓语的情况下,有时用不定式的复合结构there to be或动名词的复合结构和独立主格结构there being:

You wouldn't want there to be another war.(不定式的复合结构)

The teacher was satisfied with there being no mistakes in his homework.(动名词的复合结构)

There being nothing else to do,we went home.(独立主格结构)

七年级上册英语句型

be good for有益于...., be good at擅长 , be good to对..好 , be sorry to hear that听到这个消息很难过 , ask for sth要求得到某物 , ask for sb要求见某人, ask sb for sth向某人要某物, be born in 出生于, be born of出生于...家庭, good luck with sth祝愿某事顺利,good luck to sb祝某人好运, be married to sb和某人结婚,give sth to sb=give sb sth给某人某物,take a walk=go for a walk散步,take to /with sb和某人谈话,be interested in sth./doing对...感兴趣,teach sb sth教某人某事,teach sb to do sth教某人去做某事, wait for sb/sth等待某人、某物,sb be relaxed某人很轻松,sth be relaxing某事让人轻松,in order to do sth为了干某事,be thankful to sb for sth为某事感谢某人, agree with sb同意某人的意见,be in bed=go to bed上床睡觉,enjoy doing sth享受做某事的乐趣,tell sb about sth告诉某人关于某事,to one's opinion对某人的观点来看,decide to do sth决定做某事,make sb do sth使某人做某事,make sb/sth+ adj使...如何,make up one's mind下定决心,stop doing sth停止做某事(不做了),stop to do sth停下来去做某事(要做),remember doing sth记得做过某事,remember to do sth记得去做某事,